Arduino 433 MHz Wireless Module

433 MHz Wireless Module
The 433 MHz wireless module. Transmitter: top-left. Receiver: bottom-right.

This post provides a quick reference for the 433 MHz wireless module, which is widely used in combination with the Arduino. The VirtualWire library is one possible way of utilizing the module.

Before you get started make sure you have attached antennas to both, transmitter and receiver. The wavelength can be calculated using the following formula.

$$\lambda = \frac{c}{f}$$

For $f=433\text{ MHz}$ this leads to $\lambda = 0.6923\text{ m}$.



VCC 3.5 – 12 V Power supply
ATAD Arduino pin 12 Serial data
GND GND Ground (0 V)

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Ambient Light (Arduino Project)

This blog post explains the technical details of my Ambient Light project. If you don’t know what this project is about, watch the following video first:

Video summary: Sometimes a screen is just a light spot in a dark room. To make the entire scenery more appealing, I created my own, Arduino-powered ambient light. A PC software (written in C#) reads color information of the screen, performs some processing and forwards the color information to an Arduino, which is connected via USB. The microcontroller then regulates one or more RGB LEDs.

System Architecture

Ambient Light System Architecture

  1. The C# Program starts two threads: UI thread and “Screen color reading” thread
  2. The “Screen color reading” thread samples the average screen color.
  3. The average screen color’s saturation is being increased by a user-defined factor.
  4. The RGB value is being transmitted through the PC’s Serial Port.
  5. The Serial Port forwards the data to the a Microcontroller (e.g. an Arduino) via USB.
  6. The Microcontroller makes one or more RGB LEDs shine in the received color.

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